To provide an update on this global effort, The Centro Studi Galileo (CSG) and the Renewable Energy Institute (REI), with support from the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR), The United Nations Environment Programme-OzonAction, (UNEP- OzonAction) and The Air conditioning and Refrigeration European Association (AREA), Ministero Della Transizione Ecologica, have collected experiences from around the world, compiled in this special publication, featuring papers from leading global institutions and experts, addressing the current situation, the challenges ahead, and sharing opinions from different National Ozone Units, on issues related among others to HVAC&R, training, and the role of women in the cooling industry.
Analys of the European market of commercial and industrial sites using natural refrigeration equipment
Based on a survey of key OEMs, ATMOsphere estimates that, as of September 2022, there are 55,000 stores with transcritical CO2 systems in Europe, including 50,000 using a centralized system (racks) and 5,000 using condensing units.
New publications on heat pumps and the circular economy have been published by the Institute of Refrigeration’s Beyond Refrigeration Initiative.
ATMOsphere announced the release of the “North American Guide to Natural Refrigerants in Ice Arenas,” including information on ammonia systems.
This report contains the greenhouse gas inventory for the refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) sector in Kenya.
UNDP upgrades methodology on assessing GHG emissions from refrigerants.
A new study on the risks associated with the use of propane (R290) in refrigeration and air conditioning will be used to support revisions of international safety standards.
The Institute of Refrigeration’s updated 2019 F-Gas Handbook is free to download for a limited period.
The IOR has updated its guidance note on fixed leak detection, which is now available for download.
An essential reference guide to the European F-gas regulations has now received an update.
The European Partnership for Energy and the Environment (EPEE) has produced a Q&A leaflet on the new low GWP HFO and HCFO refrigerants.
As an extension of the study published in 2014, AFCE publishes here the final report of this independent study launched end of 2017 entitled energy efficiency of possible alternatives . The study has been carried out by experts from EREIE – CEMAFROID and CITEPA.
With rising refrigerant prices and restricted supply due to the European F-gas phase down, contractors have been reminded of the importance of recycling and careful cylinder management.
The intent of this normative appendix is to establish definitive test procedures for determining the quality of new, reclaimed and/or repackaged refrigerants for use in new and existing equipment within the scope of AHRI.
In this transitional period, new fluids are being developed to replace the high-GWP refrigerants. That’s why the blue book, an essential tool for all users of refrigerants, has just been republished and updated.
The updated edition was announced in January 2018. The first PURR (Putting into Use Replacement Refrigerants) report was produced in 2015 by members of BRAbrapurr to help the industry meet some of the key implications and requirements of the EU F Gas regulation that came into force on 1st January 2015; in particular the urgent need to move away from high GWP refrigerants, such as R404A.
The rapid rise in Asean’s electricity demand in recent years has led to a surge in CO2 emissions and pollutants that threaten to create an environmental crisis for a region already vulnerable to the impact of extreme weather and poor air quality.
UN Environment OzonAction is assisting all developing countries (Article 5 under the Montreal Protocol) through its networks of National Ozone Officers (146 developing countries), clearinghouse and capacity-building activities to implement their national hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) phase-out. OzonAction supports efforts to phase out HCFCs, adopt non-ozone depleting, non global warming and energy-efficient alternatives in a safe and sustainable manner, ultimately protecting our common global property – the Earth’s ozone layer.
With the phase-out of HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer progressing, the introduction of alternatives with not only zero ozone depleting potential (ODP) but also low global warming potential (GWP) and improved energy efficiency is becoming an issue of increasing importance, especially in developing countries.
Good servicing practices: Phasing out HCFCs in the refrigeration and air-conditioning servicing sector
In recent years, ozone depletion efforts have primarily focused on the obligatory phasing out of ozone depleting substances (ODS). However, in 2013, Decision XIX/6 at the 19th Meeting of the Parties highlighted the importance of climate and energy-efficiency as related to HCFC phaseout. In order to achieve reduction of both ODS and GHG emissions, attention must be paid to activities at a microlevel. This includes reducing leakage rates, adopting good service practices, improving energy-efficiency and preventing adverse environmental impacts during equipment servicing and maintenance.